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FRRC - Information for Providers

Types of Child Care Providers

Licensed Centers

Licensed child care takes place in a family child care home or in a child care center, and capacity is based on Community Care Licensing guidelines. All licensed providers are fingerprinted and have a criminal background check and California Child Abuse Index clearance. In licensed family child care homes, anyone living in the home over 18 years of age is required to go through the same clearance process. There are specific educational requirements for child care center providers. Licensed providers must have 15 hours of health and safety training, including CPR and First Aid.


If a licensed provider asks to be paid for non-operation days, FRRC will request signed documentation from unsubsidized families stating that the family is also reimbursing the provider for specific days of non-operation.


Licensed Family Child Care

Family child care is provided in the private home of a licensed caregiver for up to eight children with one adult or 14 children with one adult and one assistant provider. This arrangement tends to be less formal and usually models a family-oriented atmosphere.


License-Exempt Care (Unlicensed)

Exempt care means that the provider is not required to be licensed by the state of California. Exempt care includes home-based providers, nannies, and au pairs. Home-based providers care for the children of one other family besides their own and may care for children in their own home or in the other family’s home.


Exempt Providers (Unlicensed)

As much as FRRC encourages families to pursue quality licensed child care, we understand that there are numerous parents who are not ready to take that step or are having difficulty finding child care. For whatever reason, parents have the option to choose providers that are not licensed, but are considered exempt providers. Typically, family members, friends, and neighbors may fill the role as an exempt provider.

Parents choosing any of the options described above should consider contacting the TrustLine Registry at 1-800-822-8490 to obtain information or a background check on a potential provider. TrustLine is a free service for families receiving state assistance in paying for childcare. For families not receiving state assistance, there is a cost. Some after-school programs and teen parent programs are also license exempt.


For more information visit their website at


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